Monday 5 November 2012

Python Web Microframeworks - Take Your Pick

You may read my post "Top Python Web Frameworks - Today" in which I took a fresh look at what which Python Web Frameworks were still around and still maintained.

In this post I give a quick overview of about half of those which I have loosely designated as "Microframeworks" - regardless of what the authors have called them. Wikipedia doesn't have a definition for microframework - I just looked - so what I really mean here is anything which let's you get started without having to learn a whole bunch of syntax and convention. Right on sister!

Let's get going:

Now that's done a little code from each -

Bottle (v0.11.13)

Bottle doesn't rely on any other packages at all, which means it's a great framework to use if you want to see all the working parts as they're all in the one file. That being said it can offer client-side sessions and compression and even WebSockets straight out of the box so it's not just a toy by any means.

Flask (v0.9)

Flask is dependent on Werkzeug for all the WSGI stuff and upon Jinja2 as a template library. It comes with client-side sessions, a built in debugger and is totally unicode friendly. I love Flask and use it often as my other posts will testify. (v0.4.9)

The first of the new boys, is certainly not package independent! It requires Werkzeug for WSGI, requests for http, Beaker for sessions, Elixir and SQLAlchemy for an ORM (PostgreSQL, MySQL and SQLite), Jinja2 for templates, gevent, pev and greenlet for events as well as compressinja, jsmin, jsonpickle, putils and pyScss which add various other niceties. Almost all well known and trusted libraries. (v0.37)

Again, doesn't rely on any other packages at all, but to me it's not as useful as flask or and not as simple to study as bottle, so I can't see the point, although according to the site, it's well used by others.

wheezy.web (v0.1.307)

pip installs wheezy.web, wheezy.core, wheezy.caching, wheezy.html, wheezy.http, wheezy.routing,, wheezy.validation which to me looks like the developers have taken a sensible approach to the development cycle by splitting everything up into independent code units.

According to the site,  functionality includes routing, model update/validation, authentication/authorization,content caching with dependency, xsrf/resubmission protection, AJAX+JSON, i18n (gettext), middlewares, and more.

In Summary

No I haven't tested them to death and no I haven't even tried out and wheezy.web in a real world app, although I will do. I certainly have not done either load or concurrency testing on them. You can do that and I'll read your blog.

Goo luck fellow traveller.


  1. Thanks for the Post.
    Will start with Bottle to learn about web frameworks.

  2. If you read the entire documentation of wheezy.web, you will understand it's more simpler to use. I have used it across I benefited a lot